Egypt-U.S. Business Data

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Egypt

Egypt is one of the top recipients of U.S. foreign assistance, coming in third after Israel and Jordan in 2020, receiving more than USD 81 billion in bilateral foreign aid between 1946 and 2020. In FY 2020, Egypt received USD 1.43 billion in foreign assistance, mainly from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Other assistance came from the Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA). For FY 2021, the Trump Administration requested a total of USD 1.38 billion in foreign assistance for Egypt, over 90% of which comes as Foreign Military Financing (FMF). The Biden Administration requested USD 1.43 billion in foreign aid to Egypt for FY 2022.

Over the past two decades, U.S. Economic Support Fund (ESF) assistance to Egypt has been reduced by 85%, from USD 833 million in FY 1998 to USD 125 million in FY 2020 . The steep decline results from previous years in which large sums of obligated money were not utilized. Other foreign assistance categories include Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related (NADR) programs, International Military Education and Training (IMET) and International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE) programs. In 2020, the Department of State and USAID disbursed just under USD 6 billion from the Budget for International Humanitarian Assistance fund as an emergency response to COVID-19.

Top Recipients of U.S. Foreign Assistance (USD million)

 

FY 2020 Planned

FY 2020 Disbursed

FY 2021 Requested

Israel

3,300

3,306.5

3,300

Jordan

1,525

2,388.6

1,275

Egypt

1,432.3

1,445.0

1,381.9

Tanzania

547.9

413.9

328.7

Kenya

544.4

509.5

330.4

Uganda

533.4

472.3

305.7

Mozambique

522.8

339.4

456.5

South Africa

482.5

402.1

241.7

Zambia

457.3

229.7

307.2

Iraq

454.1

1,017.8

124.5

U.S. Assistance to Egypt (USD million)

 

FY 2017a

FY 2018a

FY 2019a

FY 2020a

FY 2021 Requested

FMF

1,234.3

1,300.0

1,300.0

1,300.0

1,300.0

ESF

112.5

106.9

112.5

125.0

75.0

NADR

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.5

3.5

INCLE

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.0

1.6

IMET

1.7

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

Total

1,353.5

1,413.7

1,419.3

1,432.3

1,381.9

Sources: www.foreignassistance.gov/